Ingredient Substitutions

Cooking | January 4, 2017 | By

Isn’t it such a pain when you’re missing a key ingredient for a recipe? Perhaps you can use a substitute. 

Here’s a list of common ingredients and what they can be substituted with.

Category: Ingredient: Quantity: Substitute:
Baking Cornstarch 1 tablespoon 2 tablespoons all purpose flour
  Cake Flour 1 cup 1 cup all purpose flour minus 2 tablespoons
  Self Rising Flour 1 cup 1 cup all purpose flour minus 2 teaspoons plus 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder and 1/2 teaspoon salt
  Flour for thickening 2 tablespoons 1 tablespoon cornstarch
  Baking Powder 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon cream tartar plus 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
Dairy Whole Milk 1 cup 2/3 cup 1 percent milk plus 1/2 cup half and half or 7/8 skim milk plus 1/8 heavy cream
  Half and Half 1 cup 3/4 cup whole milk plus 1/4 heavy cream or 2/3 cup skim (or low fat) milk plus 1/3 heavy cream
  Sour Cream 1 cup 1 cup plain yogurt
  Ricotta Cheese 1 cup 1 cup cottage cream plus 1 tablespoon skim milk 
  Yogurt 1 cup 1 cup buttermilk
  Buttermilk 1 cup 1 cup of milk plus 1 tablespoon of either lemon juice or white vinegar
Sweetners Honey 1 cup 1 cup maple syrup or 1 cup light or dark corn syrup
  Brown Sugar 1 cup 3/4 cup sugar plus 1/4 cup molasses
  Confectioners Sugar 1 cup 1 cup granulated sugar plus 1 tablespoon cornstarch – process in a blender until powdery 
  Corn Syrup 1 cup 1 cup granulated sugar plus 1/4 cup water
Acidity Lemon Juice 1 teaspoon 1/2 teaspoon vinegar
  Apple Cider Vinegar 1/4 cup 1/4 cup white vinegar 
  Balsamic Vinegar 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon sherry or cider vinegar 
Cocoa and Chocolate Unsweetened Chocolate 1 ounce 1 tablespoon cocoa plus 1 tablespoon butter 
  Semi-sweet Chocolate 1 square 3 tablespoons chocolate chips or 1 ounce unsweetened chocolate plus 1 tablespoon sugar 
  Dutch Process Cocoa 3 tablespoons 3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa plus 1/8 teaspoon baking soda
Seasonings Fresh Herbs 1 tablespoon 1 teaspoon dried herbs
  Fresh Ginger – grated 1 tablespoon 1 teaspoon dried ground ginger
  Dried Mustard 1 teaspoon 1 tablespoon prepared mustard 
  Prepared Mustard 1 tablespoon 1 teaspoon dried mustard mixed with 1 tablespoon water 
Miscellaneous Capers 1 tablespoon 1 tablespoon chopped green olives
  Meat, Poultry or Vegetable Stock 1 cup Stock flavors are interchangeable but check for seasonings. Water can also be used. 
  Orange 1 orange 1/4 cup orange juice
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